Smiths Angling Club   
   Founded 1954


Welcome to the SAC website.

We are a local angling club based to the north of Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. We have quality stillwater fishing on two reservoirs and over a mile long stretch on the Warwickshire Avon, in addition to brook and weirpool fishing.



Lumbar spinal stenosis click here to print this page what is lumbar spinal stenosis? What causes lumbar spinal stenosis? What are the symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis? How is the diagnosis of lumbar canal stenosis made? What are the treatment options for lumbar canal stenosis? What is lumbar spinal stenosis? Lumbar spinal stenosis is a broad term referring to the symptoms which may result from the narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower back. viagra without a doctor prescription viagra for sale viagra online generic viagra online viagra without a doctor prescription cheap viagra uk next day delivery cheap generic viagra buy generic viagra cheap viagra online viagra without a doctor prescription This may be due to age, injury, or degeneration. Lumbar spinal stenosis occurs when the bony tunnels in the spine that transmit the spinal cord and nerve roots become narrowed. The spinal nerves (or nerve roots) typically become compressed, leading to pain in the lower back and legs. Lumbar spinal stenosis may affect one or more anatomical compartments, including the spinal canal (lumbar canal stenosis) and intervertebral foramen (lumbar foraminal stenosis). The spinal canal is a long tunnel running down the centre of the spine. This canal sits directly behind the bony blocks, or veterbrae (‘vertebral bodies’) which form the spine (vertebrae) and contains the spinal cord (which usually ends in the upper lumbar spine) and nerve roots. When the spinal canal is narrowed, the spinal cord and nerve roots may be compressed- this is known as lumbar canal stenosis. The lumbar spinal canal may be subdivided into other compartments, notably the lateral recess and subarticular compartments. Narrowing of the calibre of these specific compartments may give rise to ‘lateral recess stenosis’ or ‘subarticular stenosis’. The spinal nerves (‘nerve roots’) leave the lumbar spinal canal by passing through the intervertebral foraminae. The nerves then travel to the legs, bladder and bowels where they control sensation and movement. When the intervertebral foraminae are narrowed, the nerve roots may be compressed- this is known as lumbar foraminal stenosis. In summary, lumbar canal and foraminal stenosis are both caused by the same underlying processes, and can present in a similar fashion. The two conditions commonly co-exist and can be broadly referred to as lumbar spinal stenosis. What causes lumbar spinal stenosis? Lumbar spinal stenosis is common and is usually caused by osteoarthritis and disc degeneration. Typically, a combination of disc degeneration and bulging, joint and ligament thickening (‘hypertrophy’), and sometimes a slight ‘slip’ (or ‘spondylolisthesis’), causes compression of the nerve roots. Risk factors for spinal osteoarthritis and intervertebral disc degeneration include smoking, poor posture, obesity, repetitive heavy lifting, and ongoing exposure of the lower back to significant jolting or vibration (for.

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